49(251)
Even when he was describing his own impoverishment he never failed to see the humorous side of poverty. In the group of three poems entitled “Sighs During an Autumn Rain,” hi wrote:
儘管他描述著自己的貧困,他看待的角度從來不失幽默。在〈秋雨歎三首〉中,寫道:

秋雨歎三首 杜甫
雨中百草秋爛死,階下決明顏色鮮。
著葉滿枝翠羽蓋,開花無數黃金錢。
涼風蕭蕭吹汝急,恐汝後時難獨立。
堂上書生空白頭,臨風三嗅馨香泣。

50(251)
During this first period of his literary activity he was in the prime of manhood and extremely eager to make his contributions to society. In moments of complete frustration he would express feelings of impatience with the lack of justice and would consider giving up everything to become a hermit.
在他文學活動的第一個時期正處於壯年,極度渴望對社會有所貢獻。幾次徹底的挫敗之後,他便用一種欠缺公正的態度急切地表達他的情感,並且想考慮放棄一切當個隱士算了。

去矣行 杜甫
君不見韝上鷹,一飽則飛掣。
焉能作堂上燕,啣泥附炎熱。
野人曠蕩無靦顏,豈可久在王侯間。
未試囊中餐玉法,明朝且入藍田山。

51(251)
The allusion to the jade diet was to Li Yu of the Later Wei Dynasty, who was said to have pulverized seventy pieces of jade for his daily diet to ensure physical immortality. The best jade was said to have come from the Blue Field Mountains. That was why Tu Fu was eager to go there for his experiment. Although he had no cooked rice, he would think of living on jade. This was a typical example of how Tu Fu would suggest disapproval of hermitage and at the same time distill from it any possible fun. It is this spirit of positivism that distinguished him from his eminent friend, Li Po.
詩中指的是後魏李預,據說他曾椎玉七十枚成屑,日日服用以確保長生不老。相傳最好的玉產自藍田山,這就是為什麼杜甫想要到那裡去試驗看看。沒米煮飯,但卻想吃玉過活。這是個典型的例子說明了為什麼杜甫暗示了隱士生活之不可行,同時他從中提煉出任何可能的嘲諷。這就是杜甫獨特的實證精神(正面思維),有別於他的知名好友李白。

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